Basics of WordPress

Brief History of WordPress

WordPress, the world's most popular content management system (CMS), wasn't always the feature-packed platform that we know today. Its journey started in 2003, a brainchild of Matt Mullenweg and Mike Little, who sought to create an elegant, user-friendly blogging platform.

Initially, WordPress was a fork of b2/cafelog, an existing blogging software. The duo saw potential in the platform that b2/cafelog offered but wanted to enhance it with more robust features and a simpler interface. Thus, WordPress Version 1.0, codenamed "Davis," was released in January 2004, introducing features such as search engine friendly permalinks and the ability to install and update plugins.

Over the years, WordPress has gone through numerous updates and transformations. It gradually evolved from a simple blogging tool into a versatile CMS, with the ability to create not only blogs but also full-featured websites and mobile applications.

The release of WordPress 3.0 in 2010 was a significant milestone. It introduced custom post types and the much-loved feature of multisite installations. This version also saw the introduction of the default theme "Twenty Ten," beginning a tradition of yearly updated themes.

The most radical change to the platform came in 2018, with the release of WordPress 5.0, which introduced the Gutenberg block editor. This update replaced the classic editor with a new block-based editing experience, offering users more flexibility and control over their content layout.

Today, WordPress powers more than 40% of all websites on the internet, an astounding testament to its versatility, user-friendliness, and robust community. It's backed by a large open-source community that contributes to its core development, creates themes and plugins, and offers support and knowledge sharing.

However, the journey of WordPress is far from over. With the rise of headless CMS and static site generators, WordPress is continually adapting and evolving, promising an exciting future for its users.


Why Choose WordPress?

When it comes to choosing a platform for building a website, you may wonder, "Why should I choose WordPress?" Here are some compelling reasons why WordPress stands out as the go-to solution for creating a variety of websites, from simple blogs to e-commerce stores, portfolio sites, and more.

Open Source and Free

WordPress is open-source software, which means its source code is freely available for anyone to study, modify, and enhance. This translates to a platform that's always improving thanks to a global community of contributors. Also, it's entirely free to download and use.


You don't need to be a programmer to use WordPress. With its intuitive interface, anyone can learn to use WordPress with ease. Whether you're creating a new page or blog post, uploading media, or installing a plugin, it's all straightforward.


With WordPress, you're not limited to just writing blogs. Its flexibility allows you to create any type of website, including business sites, online stores, forums, social networks, and more. This is possible due to thousands of themes and plugins that extend the functionality of WordPress.

Highly Customizable

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SEO Friendly

WordPress is designed with SEO (Search Engine Optimization) in mind. It has clean and simple code, making it easy for search engines to read and index a site's content. Furthermore, there are numerous SEO plugins to help optimize your site, like Yoast SEO, All in One SEO, and more.

Large Community Support

One of the biggest advantages of WordPress is its robust community. There are countless forums, tutorials, online courses, and resources available to help you navigate your WordPress journey.


WordPress is highly scalable, making it a great choice for businesses of all sizes. Whether you're running a small blog or a high-traffic corporate website, WordPress can handle it. Plus, there are numerous hosting options available that offer scalability as your site grows.

Understanding vs

When you're starting your journey with WordPress, one of the first things you'll come across is the choice between and It's important to understand the key differences between these two platforms to make an informed decision that best suits your needs.

Often referred to as "self-hosted WordPress," is where you'll find the free, open-source WordPress software that you can install on your own web host to create a website. Here are some of its features:

Full Control gives you complete control over your website. You can add free, paid, and custom WordPress plugins or themes, modify any part of your site, and use it to create any type of website.

Monetization Freedom

There are no restrictions on how you monetize your website. You can run your own ads, accept sponsored posts, create an online store, sell memberships, and more.

Maintenance and Costs

While the WordPress software is free, you'll need to pay for your own domain name and web hosting. Plus, you are responsible for managing backups, security, and performance optimization unless you use a managed WordPress hosting provider.

Access to All SEO Features

With a site, you can use powerful SEO plugins and make other modifications to fully optimize your site for search engines. is a hosting service created by the co-founder of WordPress, Matt Mullenweg. It's a good choice for bloggers and small website owners who don't want the responsibility of managing site updates, backups, and security. Here are some of its key features:

Easy to Use takes care of all the website management for you, so you can focus on creating content. However, this convenience comes with some limitations.

Limited Monetization Options

On the free plan, you can't run your own ads; you'll have to upgrade to a paid plan to do so. Even then, you'll have to share the ad revenue with

Limited Customization

On a free plan, you can't install plugins or themes that aren't included with the service. You'll need to upgrade to a Business plan to access these features.


Your free site will have a subdomain (e.g., To use a custom domain, you'll need to upgrade to a paid plan.

WordPress Terminology

Understanding WordPress requires acquainting oneself with the unique terminology the platform employs. Whether you're a beginner just diving into WordPress or a seasoned developer in need of a refresher, this guide to WordPress terminology will help clarify the most commonly used terms.

The main administrative area of a WordPress website, where you manage content, settings, plugins, and themes. After logging in, the Dashboard is the first screen you see.

An individual article or piece of content. In WordPress, 'Posts' typically refer to blog entries but can also include other types of periodic content.

Static content that isn't time-sensitive. Examples include 'About Us' or 'Contact' pages. Unlike posts, pages don't appear in chronological order.

The design or skin applied to a WordPress site. Themes determine the look and feel of a website. There are thousands of free and premium themes available.

Extensions that add functionality to a WordPress website. Plugins can range from SEO tools to e-commerce solutions.

Small blocks of content, often dynamic, that can be placed in various areas, typically in the sidebar or footer. Examples include recent posts, search bars, and custom menus.

A collection of links typically used for site navigation. Menus can be created using the WordPress admin interface and are usually displayed in the website header, footer, or sidebar.

A small piece of code that allows users to execute code within WordPress posts and pages without having to write the actual code.

The name of the block editor introduced in WordPress 5.0. It allows users to design and build pages using a block-based approach.

A term used in the Gutenberg editor. Blocks are individual elements that you add to your posts or pages — like paragraphs, images, or videos.

A way of grouping content in WordPress. The default taxonomies are 'Category' and 'Tag', but custom taxonomies can also be created.

A type of taxonomy used to group similar posts together. For example, a blog might have categories like 'Travel', 'Food', or 'Lifestyle'.

Another form of taxonomy. Tags are typically more specific than categories and describe the details of a post. A post about a "Chocolate Cake" might be tagged with 'dessert', 'chocolate', and 'baking'.

The full URL of individual posts, pages, or any content on your WordPress site. Permalinks are important for SEO and usability.

Media Library
Where all media files (images, videos, etc.) uploaded to WordPress are stored. From the Media Library, you can edit, delete, and manage your media files.

Feedback or replies left by readers on your posts. WordPress provides a robust commenting system with moderation capabilities.

Featured Image
The primary image associated with a post or page. This image typically represents the content and might appear in archives, search results, or highlighted displays.

A WordPress feature that allows users to create a network of sites on a single WordPress installation. Useful for managing multiple sites from one dashboard.

Specific files in a theme that define parts of a page, like headers, footers, or sidebars. By editing templates, you can customize the display of your website.

Child Theme
A sub-theme that inherits all the styling and functionality of its parent theme. Using child themes is recommended for making modifications because updates to the parent theme won't overwrite customizations in the child theme.

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